Using Angular Permalink to " Using Angular"

Tooling Permalink to "Tooling"

Angular is using TypeScript instead of JavaScript, and as a result some specific tooling is necessary to work efficiently with it. Our development workflow for an Angular 2+ application is as below.

  1. When you generate an application the files are created and at the end of generation npm install task is triggered.
  2. Once npm install is complete it calls the postInstall script in package.json, this step triggers the webapp:build task.
  3. Now you should have all files generated and compiled into the www folder inside the target or build folder based on the build tool (Maven or Gradle) selected.
  4. Now run ./mvnw or ./gradlew to launch the application server and it should be available at localhost:8080 this also serves the client side code compiled from the above steps.
  5. Now run npm start in a new terminal to launch Webpack dev-server with BrowserSync. This will take care of compiling your TypeScript code, and automatically reloading your browser.

If you start making changes to the client side code without having npm start running, nothing will be reflected as the changes are not compiled so you need to either run npm run webapp:build manually after changes or have npm start running.

You can also force Maven to run the webapp:dev task while starting by passing the webapp profile like ./mvnw -Pdev,webapp.

Note Gradle automatically runs webpack compilation in dev profile if front end has changed (only at start up, for live reload use npm start).

Other available npm commands can be found in the scripts section of your project’s package.json file.

  • To work on your code in your browser, we recommend using Angular DevTools. Angular DevTools is a browser extension that provides debugging and profiling capabilities for Angular applications (Note Angular DevTools supports Angular v12 and later).

Project Structure Permalink to "Project Structure"

The JHipster client code can be found under src/main/webapp, and follows closely the Angular style guide. Please read this guide first if you have any question on our application structure, file names, TypeScript conventions…

This style guide is endorsed by the Angular team, and provides best practices that every Angular project should follow.

For Angular routes we follow a dash cased naming convention so that the URLs are clean and consistent. When you generate an entity the route names, route URLs and REST API endpoint URLs are generated according to this convention, also entity names are automatically pluralized where required.

Here is the main project structure:

├── app                               - Your application
│   ├── account                       - User account management UI
│   ├── admin                         - Administration UI
│   ├── config                        - Some utilities files
│   ├── core                          - Common building blocks like configuration and interceptors
│   ├── entities                      - Generated entities (more information below)
│   ├── home                          - Home page
│   ├── layouts                       - Common page layouts like navigation bar and error pages
│       ├── main                      - Main page
│           ├── main.component.ts     - Main application class
│   ├── login                         - Login page
│   ├── shared                        - Common services like authentication and internationalization
│   ├── app.module.ts                 - Application modules configuration
│   ├── app-routing.module.ts         - Main application router
├── content                           - Static content
│   ├── css                           - CSS stylesheets
│   ├── images                        - Images
│   ├── scss                          - Sass style sheet files will be here if you choose the option
├── i18n                              - Translation files
├── swagger-ui                        - Swagger UI front-end
├── 404.html                          - 404 page
├── favicon.ico                       - Fav icon
├── index.html                        - Index page
├── robots.txt                        - Configuration for bots and Web crawlers

Using the entity sub-generator to create a new entity called Foo generates the following front-end files under src/main/webapp:

├── app
│   ├── entities
│       ├── foo                                    - CRUD front-end for the Foo entity
│           ├── foo.component.html                 - HTML view for the list page
│           ├── foo.component.ts                   - Controller for the list page
│           ├── foo.model.ts                       - Model representing the Foo entity
│           ├── foo.module.ts                      - Angular module for the Foo entity
│           ├── foo.route.ts                       - Angular Router configuration
│           ├── foo.service.ts                     - Service which access the Foo REST resource
│           ├── foo-delete-dialog.component.html   - HTML view for deleting a Foo
│           ├── foo-delete-dialog.component.ts     - Controller for deleting a Foo
│           ├── foo-detail.component.html          - HTML view for displaying a Foo
│           ├── foo-detail.component.ts            - Controller or displaying a Foo
│           ├── foo-dialog.component.html          - HTML view for editing a Foo
│           ├── foo-dialog.component.ts            - Controller for editing a Foo
│           ├── foo-popup.service.ts               - Service for handling the create/update dialog pop-up
│           ├── index.ts                           - Barrel for exporting everything
├── i18n                                           - Translation files
│   ├── en                                         - English translations
│   │   ├── foo.json                               - English translation of Foo name, fields, ...
│   ├── fr                                         - French translations
│   │   ├── foo.json                               - French translation of Foo name, fields, ...

Please note that the default language translations would be based on what you have chosen during app generation. ‘en’ and ‘fr’ are shown here only for demonstration.

Authorizations Permalink to "Authorizations"

JHipster uses the Angular router to organize the different parts of your client application.

For each state, the required authorities are listed in the state’s data, and when the authority list is empty it means that the state can be accessed anonymously.

The authorities are also defined on the server-side in the class, and logically the client and server-side authorities should be the same.

In the example below, the ‘settings’ state is designed to be accessed only by authenticated users who have ROLE_ADMIN authority:

export const settingsRoute: Route = {
    path: 'sessions',
    component: SettingsComponent,
    title: '',
    data: {
        authorities: ['ROLE_ADMIN'],
    canActivate: [UserRouteAccessService]

Once those authorities are defined in the router, they can be used through jhiHasAnyAuthority directive within its 2 variants based on type of argument:

  • for a single string, the directive only displays the HTML component if the user has the required authority
  • for an array of strings, the directive displays the HTML component if the user has one of the listed authorities

For example, the following text will only be displayed to users having the ROLE_ADMIN authority:

<h1 *jhiHasAnyAuthority="'ROLE_ADMIN'">Hello, admin user</h1>

For example, the following text will only be displayed to users having one of the ROLE_ADMIN or ROLE_USER authorities:

<h1 *jhiHasAnyAuthority="['ROLE_ADMIN', 'ROLE_USER']">Hello, dear user</h1>

Please note that those directives only show or hide HTML components on the client-side, and that you also need to secure your code on the server-side!

The ng-jhipster library Permalink to "The ng-jhipster library"

The ng-jhipster library is free and OSS, and available on

The ng-jhipster library contains utility functions and common components that are used by Angular 2+ applications. They include:

  • Validation directives
  • Internationalization components
  • Commonly-used pipes like capitalization, ordering and word truncation
  • Base64, date and pagination handling services
  • A notification system (see below)

Notification System Permalink to "Notification System"

JHipster uses a custom notification system to send events from the server-side to the client-side, and has i18n-capable JhiAlertComponent and JhiAlertErrorComponent components which can be used throughout the generated applications.

By default JHipster will show error notifications when there is an error caught from an HTTP response.

To show a custom notification or alert, use the below methods after injecting the AlertService to your controller, directive or service.

The shorthand methods success, info, warning and error will have a default timeout of 5 seconds, which can be configured:

            type: 'danger',
            msg: 'you should not have pressed this button!',
            timeout: 5000,
            toast: false,
            scoped: true

Using Angular CLI Permalink to "Using Angular CLI"

Angular CLI is used to build and test JHipster applications. However, we added a custom webpack configuration file in order to improve the developer experience by adding BrowserSync, ESLint (Angular CLI is still on TSLint for now), merging JSON translation files and add notifications when build has completed or failed.

Overview Permalink to "Overview"

Angular CLI is a tool to develop, scaffold and maintain Angular applications. JHipster generates the Angular CLI configuration file, so the Angular CLI workflows work with JHipster.

This integration is done by generating a angular.json file in the application root folder and adding its dependencies in the package.json file.

Usage Permalink to "Usage"

ng help

Building Permalink to "Building"

You can use ng build to build your front-end, but we still recommend to use the provided NPM scripts such as npm start, npm run build, etc. Check our “using in development” documentation and our “using in production” documentation.

Generating Components, Directives, Pipes and Services Permalink to "Generating Components, Directives, Pipes and Services"

You can use the ng generate (or ng g) command to generate Angular components:

ng generate component my-new-component
ng g component my-new-component # using the alias

# Components support relative path generation
# Go to src/app/feature/ and run
ng g component new-cmp
# your component will be generated in src/app/feature/new-cmp
# but if you were to run
ng g component ../newer-cmp
# your component will be generated in src/app/newer-cmp

You can find all possible blueprints in the table below:

Scaffold Usage
Component ng g component my-new-component
Directive ng g directive my-new-directive
Pipe ng g pipe my-new-pipe
Service ng g service my-new-service
Class ng g class my-new-class
Guard ng g guard my-new-guard
Interface ng g interface my-new-interface
Enum ng g enum my-new-enum
Module ng g module my-module

Test Permalink to "Test"

For consistency purpose on JHipster application, tests are available through the npm command:

npm test

i18n Permalink to "i18n"

JHipster is using the ngx-translate dependency for translation purpose. Angular CLI i18n is based on the default Angular i18n support, which is incompatible with JHipster.

Running the server Permalink to "Running the server"

If you prefer to use Angular CLI to develop you application, you can run your server directly by using its dedicated command.

ng serve

Conclusion Permalink to "Conclusion"

For more information about the Angular CLI, please visit the official website